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Color blindness or color vision deficiency makes it difficult for a person to distinguish between some colors, such as between red and green, or between blue and yellow. If you are color blind, you will still be able to see color. However, your perception of color will be different from that of people with normal vision. This perception can generate frustrations and problems when performing daily tasks that depend on knowing what color certain things are.

Approximately 4% of the population has some form of color blindness.
Color blindness affects 1 in 12 men and 1 in 200 women.
About 8% of all men are color blind.
About 0.5% of all women are color blind.
Red-green color blindness is the most common type of color blindness.
Color blindness is inherited in most cases. However, it can be acquired as a result of trauma, accident, aging, drug or alcohol abuse, the side effects of medications, or the use of chemicals.
There is no cure for color blindness.

What are the symptoms of color blindness?

There are a few ways to recognize that you have color blindness.

If a person has trouble distinguishing between red and green.
If a person has trouble distinguishing between blue and yellow.
If a person has the inability to distinguish between different shades of specific colors.
If people frequently tell you that the color you are seeing is not wrong.

An eye test by a qualified optometrist can quickly diagnose color blindness.

Difficulties faced by people with color blindness

Sight is the most critical sense. 90% of all information is received by sight, 5% by hearing, 2% by touch, 2% by taste, and 1% by smell.

The lack of information received due to color blindness slows or prevents understanding. Lack of understanding creates a slower reaction time to information and generally reduces a person’s quality of life.

Naming color comes naturally to most people and doesn’t require much thought. You look and you know what color it is. Color nuances can be easily identified. Robin’s egg color correction glassesĀ 
blue is different from navy blue. Tomato red is different from cherry red. The colorblind person, however, is not that good at naming color. Due to their limited color spectrum, colors tend to be closer to each other. First, you must decide which category a color belongs to: red, yellow, green, blue, black, or white. What do you do with colors like orange, purple or pink?

Home life
Simply getting dressed in the morning and choosing matching colors can pose a problem for someone with color blindness.

Cooking can be difficult for someone with a color vision deficiency. If you can’t tell the colors, it can be difficult to tell when some foods are cooked enough or when fruits are ripe.

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